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HOW YOU CAN SAVE YOUR LIFE BY UNDERSTANDING A FIREARM’S CYCLE OF OPERATIONS

By Rick Casner


The importance in your ability to quickly and efficiently diagnose and clear stoppages and malfunctions when they arise cannot be overstated. Fortunately, it is not as difficult to do this as you might think. It only takes you understanding a firearm’s cycle of operations and getting some hands-on experience with clearing common stoppages. The engineering principles guiding a firearm’s functionality is shared by nearly every firearm that has ever been made. There are eight steps to a firearm’s cycle of operations, which are:


1.       Feeding (Round is stripped from the magazine or is inserted by hand)


2.       Chambering (Round enters the chamber at the rear of the barrel)


3.       Locking (Locking surfaces mate to secure the firearm during firing sequence)


4.       Firing (Firing pin or striker is propelled forward and strikes primer at the rear of the cartridge)


5.       Unlocking (Locking surfaces disengage allowing the cartridges to be stripped from the chamber)